СThe word “notary” itself may be translated from Latin as “clerk” or “secretary”. Today, this is a person authorized to take certain legal actions under his responsibility and perform them. Of its many purposes, the following can be distinguished:
A notary translates documents from one language to another;
- Validates the documents’ authenticity, if necessary;
- Makes copies of documents.
Rights and obligations of a notary:
- A notary has the right to make the necessary projects of transactions, as well as to certify them;
- Witness the signature affixed to the submitted document;
- Authenticates the copies made, as well as their translation into another language;
- Has the right to take legal action related to the prohibition or permission to alienate property, can prepare property title deed for an individual.
One fact is worth noting. The notary also has its own nuances and prohibitions; should not mediate in business negotiations or make a business out of it. He/she can only engage in teaching, research or his/her professional activities. If a notary is engaged in illegal activities, you can file a complaint against him/her to the notary chamber, and individuals who has suffered from a notary’s actions has the right to protect their interests in court.
The main functions of the notarial profession
In terms of terminology, a notary is a human rights and law enforcement body that has the following functions:
- Protecting and defending the rights of people, communities, as well as the state as a whole;
- Affecting the legal relationship by setting the obligations and rights of the parties in the contract;
- Having the right to analyse the law and draw some conclusions about the possibility and impossibility of its application;
- Having the ability to prevent possible offenses;
- Having the task to conduct all kinds of legal advice, to explain the consequences of a notarial act;
- Affecting the improvement of notarial legislation, as well as the norms of substantive law.